Pope Clement VII excommunicated England’s King Henry VIII.
Former vice president Aaron Burr fatally wounded former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Hamilton died the following afternoon.
Confederate General Jubal A. Early and his troops attacked Washington, DC. They retreated the next day, ending the Confederate threat to occupy the capital.
Babe Ruth made his major league baseball debut as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work to advance civil rights.
Actor Laurence Olivier died.
The United States and Vietnam established full diplomatic relations.
The News of the World, a British newspaper owned by Rupert Murdoch, closes after several allegations that the paper’s journalists hacked into voicemail accounts belonging to not only a 13-year-old murder victim but also the relatives of soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.
John Quincy Adams
1767–1848, American president, born in Braintree, Mass.
Robert the Bruce
Scottish King (1274)
E. B. White