March 9
1796
Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine de Beauharnais, widow of a former French officer executed during the revolution.

1841
The Supreme Court ruled that the Amistad slaves were free.

1862
The first battle between two ironclad ships, the Monitor (Union) and Merrimack (Confederate) occurred, revolutionizing naval warfare.

1933
The special session of Congress known as the “100 days” opened, launching FDR’s New Deal.

1964
U.S. Supreme Court issued N.Y. Times v. Sullivan ruling.

1990
Dr. Antonia Novello was sworn in as both the first Hispanic and woman to be U.S. surgeon general.

Birthdays

Leland Stanford
American Railroad Builder (1824)

Victoria Mary Sackville-West
writer (1892)

Yuri Gagarin
cosmonaut (1934)

Raul Julia
actor (1940)

Bobby Fischer
chess player (1943)

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